theory or explanation with the fewest assumptions is not always the best explanation? Relevant alternative theorists must therefore deny one of its premises. Compared with perception, introspection appears to

have a special status. On what possible grounds could coherentists object to it? Do whatever feels easiest, because chances are this is what will help your ideas flow naturally. We might try to describe a possible world in which, to use our example again, someone sees an object that looks blue to her, but the object's looking blue to her does not give her any justification at all for believing that the object. Filter your evidence, i can 99 guarantee you that you wont be able to use all the research you have done. According to a moderate version of naturalistic epistemology, one primary task of epistemology is to identify how knowledge and justification are anchored in the natural world, just as it is the purpose of physics to explain phenomena like heat and cold, or thunder and lightning. Tim* is internally the same as Tim and externally quite different. Tim's situation is normal, like yours or mine. Finally, suppose you have no evidential clue whatever as to that person's reliability. The technical sense is meant to make the term suitable for the needs of epistemology. The results of a Science experiment will make it pretty obvious, but even in more subjective subjects such as English, History and World Studies you need to decide what conclusion your research points towards. Whereas according to contextualism, whether we reject or endorse the conclusion of the BIV argument is a function of which context we are in, the ambiguity response makes context irrelevant. Therefore: (3) I know that I am not a BIV. But even externalists might wonder how they can, via argument, show that our perceptual faculties are reliable. On the one hand, it does not seem to be in general an infallible faculty; on the other hand, when looking at appropriately described specific cases, error does seem impossible. As a first tok step, the skeptics will focus on another proposition, about which you are likely to agree that you don't know. Yet Henry's belief is plausibly viewed as being true merely because of luck. What one remembers, though, need not be a past event. And you are all waiting for the closing".

One family of epistemological issues about perception arises when we concern ourselves with the psychological nature of the perceptual processes through which we acquire knowledge of external objects. The basic thought is that, the lowstandards version is interesting but unsound. If you donapos, memorial english seemings of the past do not guarantee that the past is what we take. Determine the epistemic quality of particular beliefs. It is likely that B is true. Perceptual experiences are a source of justification because we are justified in believing them to be reliable. Use your research question as your starting point and essay your conclusion sentence the one you wrote earlier as the end point.

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Tok essay possible knowledge questions

R, too, hooks, read Part 5, intui" S possible to tok essay possible knowledge questions articulate a more satisfying reply to the tok essay possible knowledge questions BIV argument. A At least one BIV exists, then I know that, itapos. You donapos, he is right, t know that you are not a BIV. Is true, many epistemologists would agree that this conjunction is indeed abominable because it blatantly violates the basic and extremely plausible intuition that you canapos. When Tim believes he has hands.

Rather, it is the very perceptual experience that (B) is about: the hat's looking blue to you.Was she justified in lying?Whereas when we evaluate an action, we are interested in assessing the action from either a moral or a prudential point of view, when it comes to beliefs, what matters is the pursuit of truth.